Historical Timeline

From Revelations MUX
Jump to: navigation, search


Time Events
500 BCE - 0 CE
Celtic culture arrives in Britain; trade with Greeks and Roman Empire.
0 - 100 CE
Romans invade Scotland.
100 - 200 CE
Hadrian's Wall built, to be followed by the Antonine Wall.

Ninth Legion thought to have disappeared in the Highlands.

200 - 400 CE
Caledone tribes form confederations; gradually become the Picts and start to raid (and occasionally invade) Roman Britain, sometimes in alliance with raiders from Ireland (the Scots).
400 - 500 CE
Roman withdrawal from Britain, and rise of post-Roman kingdoms.

Start of Scottish emigration from Ulster to the Western isles and coast, founding Dalriada.

500 - 600 CE
Great plague.

St. Columba reaches Scotland, founds Iona, upsets Nessie, and dies by 597: he founds what is now known as Celtic Christianity in Britain.

600 - 700 CE
Edinburgh captured by Northumbria (663), before Picts limit further Northumbrian expansion.
700 - 800 CE
Norse raids begin, to be followed by settlement in some areas.
800 - 900 CE
Northumbrians, Picts, Britons and Scots squabble over Lothian.

Kingdoms of Picts and Scots merge.

900 - 1000 CE
Indulf of Scotland takes Edinburgh from Northumbria.

First submission of Scottish and Strathclyde kings to an English ruler, setting a frequently-troublesome precedent.

1000-1100 CE
Strathclyde Britons lose last elements of independence to the Scots.

The time of Malcolm the Destroyer, MacBeth, and Thorfinn Ravenfeeder.
Start of decline of Celtic church, under pressure from Queen (Saint) Margaret.

1100-1200 CE
Papal Bull: Scottish church granted "special daughter" status.

Scottish attempts to expand into Northumbria defeated; fealty to England secured, then sold back to fund a Crusade.
Orders militant established in Scotland (Templars in 1187).

1200-1300 CE
Scotland secures control of the Western Isles from Norway.

Main royal line dies out; Edward I of England adjudicates the competing claims, then demands fealty; Scottish civil wars and Wars of Independence follow.
Border Reivers begin centuries of raiding to and fro across the Anglo-Scottish border - and feuding among themselves.
Edward conquers most of Scotland, including Edinburgh, while Andrew Murray and William Wallace lead popular uprisings (late 1290s) against him.

1300-1400 CE
Robert the Bruce wins security for his claim to the crown with victory at Bannockburn. (1314), but an attempt to conquer Ireland is defeated.

After Bruce's death, the son of his predecessor invades: another civil war and War of Independence follow: Andrew Murray the younger leads the resistance.
The Black Death.
The Stuarts inherit the throne from the Bruces.

1400-1500 CE
Edinburgh becomes the capital (1437), and by 1500 the last portions of modern Scotland have been regained from England or (Shetland and Orkneys) acquired for the first time from Norway.
1500-1600 CE
Religious and political crises (and intermitent hostilities with England) culminate in overthrow of Mary, Queen of Scots, and installation of her son James VI.

Roman Catholicism replaced by strict Calvinism, inspired by John Knox.

1600-1700 CE
Union of the Crowns, as James VI inherits the English throne: the Border reivers are violently suppressed immediately thereafter.

Closes are walled up.
Civil wars (the Wars of the Three Kingdoms), overthrow of the Stuarts, then Monarchy restored.
Freemasonry emerges.
Economic crises force mass emigration, many going to Ulster.

1700-1800 CE
Acts of Union (1707): Scottish and English parliaments merge, though Scotland retains its own banks, courts, education systems, and church.

Jacobite Revolts (1708, 1709, 1715, 1745-6) in support of Stuart dynasty against Hanoverians: even in Scotland none ever gain majority support.
Scottish Enlightenment creates such notions as modernity and capitalism, and sees Edinburgh hailed as "the Athens of the North".

1800-1900 CE
Highland Clearances see mass evictions in favour of (more profitable) sheep.

Major development of Edinburgh, especially the New Town.
Industrialization peaks, and Glasgow becomes the second city of the Empire.
Sanctions against Roman Catholicism removed(1878).

1900-2000 CE
World Wars, independence of the colonies, and transformation of Empire into Commonwealth.

North Sea Oil discovered (1967)
Rise to dominance of the Labour movement and political trade unionism, followed by gradual decline from unquestioned supremacy in Scotland.
Piper Alpha disaster.
Scottish Parliament recreated in Edinburgh with limited powers.

2000s CE
Financial boom widens wealth gap between rich and poor.

Scottish nationalist movement gains traction.
Widespread viral illnesses.
Financial crises precipitate Great Recession and collapse of banks.
EU struggles to cope with escalating debt crisis among the Eurozone nations; the UK retains the Pound Sterling.

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
Game Info
Mage Info
Character Info
Toolbox